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2010年高考英语上海阅读理解新题型复习

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Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them .Our purpose is to fit them for life.

In some modern countries it has for some time been fashionable(时兴的)to think that by free education for all--whether rich or poor , clever or stupid --one can solve all the problems of society and build a perfect nation. But we can already see that free education for all is not enough; we find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degrees ,they refuse to do what they think "low "work and , in fact ,work with hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries .But we have only to think a moment to understand that the work of a completely uneducated , farmer is far more important than that of a professor, we can live without education, but we die if we have no food. If no one cleaned our streets and took the rubbish away from our houses, we should get terrible diseases in our towns...

In fact, when we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life , it means that we must be educated in such a way that , firstly each of us can do whatever work suited to his brains and ability and , secondly that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society , and that is very bad to be ashamed of ones work . Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society.

1. What is the purpose of education in the passage?

2. According to the passage, what is the wrong attitude of some people with university degrees?

3. The writer wants to prove that our society needs ___________________________ jobs.

4. The passage tells us about the ________________________________________ of education

Keys:

1. to let everyone receive education fit for him;

2. we cant regard work with hands as low work;

3. all kinds of jobs;

4. the value

Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

Many years ago, I was eating (chicken, as I recall) at Kentucky Fried Chicken. I was watching a little child (maybe a couple of years old), whose mother (it would seem) was waiting in line to order food. The child walked up to a curtain, pulled it back, and was delighted to find a blank wall, no windows. The child tried to call his/her mother’s attention to this situation. And the mother said, “Get away from there.”

To me, the child represented all of the people who are curious about the world, who delight in new discoveries. The mother represented the multitudes (众多) of other people, who are not curious, whose minds are no longer alive to that sort of thing. You and I know that curtains and windows go together, but not always. We would not be surprised to find a blank wall behind a curtain. But, we are curious and childlike, aren’t we? We want to know things, things that other people know, and things that no one has ever known.

It was a delight to watch this child. I may have enjoyed the child’s discovery more than the child did. I was saddened to think about the mother. Of course, she may have been a wonderful person, with a wonderful mind. She just may not have been in tune with her child, at that moment. But, I wondered if this child would be stifled (抑制), worn down, like so many, and become an adult without any childlike thoughts. That saddened me.

To my mind, the two golden, childlike properties of a brain are curiosity and creativity. Many adult activities (jobs, hobbies, pastimes) use one or the other of these properties, in particular the sciences (mainly curiosity) and the arts (mainly creativity).

1. What did the mother react when her child tried to call her attention to the situation?

2. When the author saw the child, he felt__________________.

3. The word “that” in the third paragraph signals ____________________________________.

4. What does the writer think of the kid’s curiosity?


参考答案:

1. The mother was impatient to her child.

2. delighted/ happy

3. the worry that the child might lose his curiosity as he grew up

4. He thinks it very precious, and it may lead to the successful future.

Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory.

Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It includes not only “remembering” things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involves any change in the way an animal typically behaves. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed(嗅到,闻到) something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory is also involved when a six-year-old child learns to swing a base ball bat.

Memory exists not only in humans and animals but in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to compare the memory-storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant-access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 “words”— ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information which the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight.

The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem-solving intelligence of human bengs. A large part of a person’s memory is in terms of words and combinations of words.

1.What’s the definition of memory?

2. What is functioning when the rats refused to eat grain after sniffing something suspicious in the grain pile.

3. __________________ has a larger memory-storage capacity between computers and teenagers.

4. The phrase ________________ in the last paragraph can best be replaced by in connection with.

Keys:

1. Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use.

2. Memory is functioning.

3. Teenagers

4. In terms of

Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

A new plan for getting children to and from school is being started by a local government in Eastern England. This could end the worries of many parents fearful for their children’s safety on the roads.

Until now the local government have only been prepared to provide bus services for children living more than three miles from their school, or sometimes less if special reasons existed. Now it has been decided that if a group of parents ask for help in organizing transport they will be prepared to go ahead, as long as the arrangement will not lose money and children taking part will be attending their nearest school.

The new plan is to be tried out this term for children living at Milton who attend Impington School. The children live just within the three-mile limit and the local government have said in the past that they will not undertake to provide free transport to the school. But now they have agreed to offer a sum of money for a bus service from Milton to Impington and back, a plan which has the support of the school’s headmaster.
Between 50 and 60 parents have said they would like their children to take part. Final calculations have still to be carried out, but a government official has said the cost to parents should be less than £20 a term.
They have been able to arrange the service at a low cost because there is already an agreement with the bus company for a bus to take children who live further away to Impington. The same bus would now just make one more journey to pick up the Milton children. The official said they would get in touch with other groups of parents who in the past had asked if transport could be provided for their children, to see if they would like to take part in the new plan.

(题目没有)

Answer:

1. To prevent the students’ road accidents.

2. By linking the new bus service with the existing one.

3. the local government and the parents

4. The parents can get rid of their worries.

Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

Some of the notebooks George Washington kept as a young man are still in existence. They show that he was learning Latin, was very interested in basics of good behavior in society, and was reading English literature.
At school he seems only to have been interested in mathematics. In fact his formal education was surprisingly simple for a gentleman, and incomplete. For unlike other young Virginian gentlemen of that day, he didnt go to the college of William and Mary in Virginian Capital of Williamsburg. In terms of formal training then, Washington was different from some other early American presidents such as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison. In later years, Washington probably regretted his lack of intellectual training. He never felt comfortable in a debate in Congress (国会辩论), or any subject that had not to do with everyday, practical matters. And because he never learned French and could not speak directly to the French leader, he didnt visit the country he admired so much. Thus, unlike Jefferson and Adams, he never reached Europe.
(字数过少)

1. What reason does the author give for Washington not going to college?

2. The author refers to three other US presidents to show that ____________________________.

3. Washington felt uncomfortable in Congress debates because he _________________________.

4. The reason why Washington didnt visit France was probably that he ____________________.


Keys:

1. The author doesnt give any reason. 

2. George Washingtons ability was weakened by the lack of formal training as what the other three president had had.

3. felt his education was not enough

4. could not communicate directly with the French leaders

Section D

Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?

Many years ago, I was eating (chicken, as I recall) at Kentucky Fried Chicken. I was watching a little child (maybe a couple of years old), whose mother (it would seem) was waiting in line to order food. The child walked up to a curtain, pulled it back, and was delighted to find a blank wall, no windows. The child tried to call his/her mother’s attention to this situation. And the mother said, “Get away from there.”

To me, the child represented all of the people who are curious about the world, who delight in new discoveries. The mother represented the multitudes (众多) of other people, who are not curious, whose minds are no longer alive to that sort of thing. You and I know that curtains and windows go together, but not always. We would not be surprised to find a blank wall behind a curtain. But, we are curious and childlike, aren’t we? We want to know things, things that other people know, and things that no one has ever known.

It was a delight to watch this child. I may have enjoyed the child’s discovery more than the child did. I was saddened to think about the mother. Of course, she may have been a wonderful person, with a wonderful mind. She just may not have been in tune with her child, at that moment. But, I wondered if this child would be stifled (抑制), worn down, like so many, and become an adult without any childlike thoughts. That saddened me.

To my mind, the two golden, childlike properties of a brain are curiosity and creativity. Many adult activities (jobs, hobbies, pastimes) use one or the other of these properties, in particular the sciences (mainly curiosity) and the arts (mainly creativity).

1. Some information in the first paragraph is in brackets (括号) because ___________________.

2. What was the writer’s feeling when he watched the child?

3. The word “that” in the third paragraph signals that _________________________________.

4. What is the writer opinion about Kids’ curiosity ?

Keys:

1. Some information in the first paragraph is in brackets (括号) because the write is not sure.

2. delighted/happy

3. the worry that the child might lose his curiosity as he grew up。

4. Kids’ curiosity may lead to successful future.

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